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Jun 11, 2013 Escrito por 
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Obesidad 11307

Lejos de lo que se piensa, que la obesidad es únicamente una afección estética,

es en realidad una enfermedad crónica que tiene muchos orígenes y se caracteriza principalmente por la acumulación excesiva de grasa en varias zonas del cuerpo según la raza, genética y hábitos de cada uno. 

  • Para valorar la obesidad, la simple inspección es suficiente para tener un criterio subjetivo. Sin embargo, son necesarios indicadores objetivos como:
  • Porcentaje del peso actual con respecto al peso ideal. Clásicamente se utilizan las tablas peso y talla realizadas por la Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
  • Índice de masa corporal (IMC), calculado por medio de la fórmula: IMC = Peso (Kg) / [Talla (m)]2
  • Se pueden diferenciar los siguientes tipos de obesidad:
  • Obesidad Primaria o de Causa no Delimitada
  • La obesidad siempre se caracteriza por un incremento del depósito de grasas debido a una alteración en el balance entre ingreso energético y consumo, en el que el ingreso siempre es mayor que el consumo, dando como resultado el acúmulo del exceso de energía en forma de grasas.

Esto indica que una persona puede desarrollar un cuadro de obesidad por:

  • Disminución del gasto energético, es decir, descenso en la energía que se consume
  • La presencia conjunta de los dos hechos mencionados
  • Exceso de peso
  • Incremento de la grasa corporal
  • Vida sedentaria
  • Otros métodos que pueden estimar la grasa corporal son: + Medición de los pliegues subcutáneos. El que mejor valora el exceso de grasa es el pliegue tricipital (pliegue formado a nivel del músculo tríceps).
  • Obesidad Secundaria o de Causa Conocida
  • Aumento de la ingesta de energía

causas de obesidad son múltiples y poco conocidas en la actualidad.Esto hace que existan diferentes tipos de pacientes con diferentes obesidades los signos y síntomas más comunes son:

  • Signos y síntomas de otros procesos patológicos asociados a la obesidad
  • Problemas psicológicos. Depresión, baja autoestima, etc.

Tratamiento:

  • El tratamiento de la obesidad para garantizar el éxito y evitar complicaciones, debe ser integrado por 4 pilares:
  • Tratamiento Dietético: Con una dieta hipocalórica
  • Tratamiento Farmacológico
  • Cambios en el Estilo de Vida: Para lo que se requiere de psicoterapia, junto con cambios en el hábito alimenticio y ejercicio
  • Tratamiento Quirúrgico (en casos extremos): Mediante la realización de diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas.

La mejor manera de evitar estos problemas de salud consiste en mantener un peso saludable. Y las claves para mantener un peso saludable son hacer ejercicio en forma regulary tener buenos hábitos alimenticios.

Para mantenerte activo, intenta hacer ejercicio durante 30 o 60 minutos todos los días. La actividad física tampoco tiene que ser extenuante. Caminar, nadar y realizar estiramientos son buenas maneras de quemar calorías y te ayudan a estar en forma. Realiza las siguientes actividades para mantenerte en movimiento:

  • Sal a dar un paseo.
  • Utiliza las escaleras en lugar del elevador.
  • Camina o utiliza la bicicleta (para ir a la escuela o la casa de tus amigos) en lugar del automóvil.
  • Si tienes que usar el automóvil, estaciona lejos del lugar al que te diriges y recorre esa distancia a pie.
  • Colabora con las tareas del hogar, como aspirar, lavar el auto o limpiar el baño; todas estas tareas queman calorías.
  • Alterna actividades para no aburrirte: prueba correr, andar en bicicleta, patineta... las posibilidades son infinitas.
  • Limita tu tiempo frente al televisor o los juegos de video; hasta leer un libro consume más calorías.
  • Ve a bailar; ¡puedes quemar más de 300 calorías por hora!

Comer bien no significa hacer dieta constantemente para perder unas cuantas libras. En lugar de eso, intenta tomar decisiones saludables todos los días:

  • Las bebidas gaseosas, los jugos de frutas y las bebidas deportivas contienen mucha azúcar; bebe leche descremada o sin grasa, o agua.
  • Come al menos cinco raciones de frutas y verduras por día.
  • Evita los restaurantes de comida rápida. Si no puedes hacerlo, intenta elegir comidas más saludables, como pollo asado o ensaladas, y pide porciones normales, ¡no las agrandes!
  • Si deseas un snack, prueba con bastoncitos de zanahoria, un trozo de fruta o una tostada de pan integral, en lugar de comidas procesadas como papas fritas y galletas, que contienen grandes cantidades de grasa y calorías.
  • Come cuando tengas hambre, no por aburrimiento o porque no se te ocurre otra cosa para hacer.
  • Toma todos los días un desayuno saludable.
  • No ingieras comida o snacks mientras miras televisión porque seguramente terminarás comiendo más de lo que esperabas.

 

Indicadores: para saber si tengo un peso y medidas saludales existen varios indicadores, pero los principales son el IMC, la circunferencia de cintura y la relación cintura cadera o ICC:

 Diagnostico de cintura

diagnost

 

cinturamed

60728 Modificado por última vez en Jueves, 15 Mayo 2014 19:18
Staff

A nombre de todo el equipo de programadores y diseñadores  esperamos sus comentarios, de igual manera personal que laboramos en MF Clinics estamos para servirle.

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